Under Rules For Madurai
The Cholas ruled Madurai from 920 AD till
the beginning of the 13th century. In 1223 AD Pandyas regained their kingdom and
once again become prosperous.Pandian Kings patronised Tamil language in a great
way. During their period, many master-pieces were created. "Silapathikaram",the
great epic in Tamil was written based on the story of Kannagi who burnt Madurai
as a result of the injustice caused to her husband Kovalan.
In April 1311, Malik Kafur, the general of
Alauddin Khilji who was then the ruler of Delhi, reached Madurai and raided and
robbed the city for precious stones, jewels, and other rare treasures. This led
to the subsequent raids by other Muslim Sultans. In 1323, the Pandya kingdom
including Madurai became a province of the Delhi empire, under the Tughlaks.
The 1371, the Vijayanagar dynasty of Hampi
captured Madurai and Madurai became part of the Vijayanagar empire. Kings of
this dynasty were in habit of leaving the captured land to governors called
Nayaks. This was done for the efficient management of their empire. The Nayaks
paid fixed amount annually to the Vijayanagar empire. After the death of Krishna
Deva Raya (King of Vijayanagar empire) in 1530 AD, the Nayaks became independent
and ruled the territories under their control. Among Nayaks, Thirumalai Nayak
(1623-1659) was very popular, even now he is popular among people,since, it was he who contributed to the creation of many magnificent structures
in and around Madurai.
Madurai started slipping into the hands of
the British's East India Company. In 1781, British appointed their
representatives to look after Madurai. George Procter was the first collector of
Madurai After India's Independence
Madurai is one of the major districts of Tamilnadu State. In 1984, the Vast
Madurai district was bifurcated into two districts namely Madurai and Dindugul
Districts. Subsequently in 1997, Madurai district was bifurcated into two
districts namely Madurai. there are 10 State Assembly
constituencies and two parliamen constituencies.